Why do I have a spot on my eyelid?
Does it happen sometimes that you see a spot or even a lump on your eyelid? There is no need of panicking. There are different causes that can explain it. The first step is to determine what type of lump it is.
Different types of spots and lumps
If you have white or slightly yellow spots on your eyelid, that are just a little bumpy, it is likely to be milia, sometimes also called “milk spots”. Milia are dead skin cells or a kind of protein (keratin) that are trapped under the skin. They usually do not cause any inflammation. They usually go away without a treatment and are most of the times found on newborn babies. If, as a adult, you get recurring milia then you can book an appointment with a dermatologist or ophthalmologist to have them removed.
A chalazion is a small lump that can be a bit painful or irritated. It is caused by an inflammation of the meibomian gland, which is why it is also often called meibomian cyst. You can help the chalazion disappear quicker by applying several times a day a clean flannel that has been soaked in hot water on your eye. After holding the compress, you can massage the lump with a clean cotton. If the cyst gets infected, then it can lead into a stye.
If the lump is quite small but painful and that your skin is also swollen and red, it looks like it is a stye. Your eye is probably watery but you should not encounter any vision difficulty. There can be some little yellow pus as well. It is often due to a small infection caused by bacteria. It usually leaves quite quickly but you can help treating it by taking painkillers for the pain and avoiding wearing make-up and contact lenses until it is gone. If the stye stays too long, is very painful or affects your vision, then you should see a GP.
If you experience other symptoms than those listed above you should book an appointment with your GP to get a diagnosis. If your eyelid is too swollen and gets hot, if the pain spreads into the inside of your eye and that your vision is affected, you should consult. Do not try to diagnose yourself, and trust your health professional if you have any reason to worry.